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The MARPOL Convention was adopted on 2 November 1973 at International Maritime Organization (IMO). The Protocol of 1978 was adopted in response to a spate of tanker accidents in 1976-1977. As the 1973 MARPOL Convention had not yet entered into force, the 1978 MARPOL Protocol absorbed the parent Convention. The combined instrument entered into force on October 2nd, 1983. In 1997, a Protocol was adopted to amend the Convention and a new Annex VI was added which entered into force on May 19th, 2005.
The Convention includes regulations aimed to prevent and minimize pollution from ships/both accidental pollution and that from routine operations and currently includes six technical Annexes, which includes Special Areas with strict controls on operational discharges.

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